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<NU.8e" x3Children whose height or weight are missing are excluded from the calculations. If height and weight data are missing for more than 10 percent of under-five children, caution should be exercised in the interpretation of the results. In addition, children for whom the indices are out of range are omitted.kThe percent below 2 standard deviations includes those who fall -3 standard deviations below the median.Vitamin A supplementation is recommended in countries with an under-five mortality rate of 70 or higher or where Vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem. Capsules are generally given to children on visits to health centers or during National Immunization Day campaigns. If a campaign was held in a country just prior to or after the MICS survey, this will affect the results reported in this table.$Example: Low birth weight estimationTotalMaleFemaleRegion 1Region 2Region 3UrbanRuralNonePrimarySecondary +PoorestSecondMiddleFourthRichestEthnicity/Language/ReligionGroup 1Group 2Group 3Weight for ageHeight for ageWeight for heightNumber of children
< 6 months6-11 months12-23 months24-35 months36-47 months48-59 monthsPrimary Percent of live births:Number of live birthsTotal number of births
Size at birth(1)(2)
Very smallSmaller than averageAverageLarger than average
Very large.Percent of households in which salt was tested Number of households interviewed< 15 PPMIf fewer than 90 percent of households in the survey had their salt tested, caution should be exercised in the interpretation of the results.
Not sure when EducationPrior to last 6 monthsSexRegion ResidenceAge% below% above(3)(5)(4) x (5) = (6)((2) + ((3)*0.25)) / (1) = (4)!Percent with low birth weight is Estimated number < 2500 g&Proportion of births weighing < 2500 g-** MICS indicator 7- 3 SD* - 3 SD***- 3 SD**** MICS indicator 1915+ PPM** MICS indicator 42Within last 6 months**MICS indicator 43Below 2500 grams*Weighed at birth**+ 2 SD*** MICS indicator 8* MICS indicator 453* MN13=000 (immediately) OR 100 (less than 1 hour).>Percentage who started breastfeeding within one hour of birth*** MICS indicator 17** Children still breastfed (BF2=1) AND complementary foods given in the last 24 hours (BF3H=1), even if also given other breast milk substitutes.* MICS indicator 41%* Although the MICS questionnaire includes a question on Vitamin A supplements for all children under age 5, this table is based on data for children aged 6-59 months only. Those who received a Vitamin A supplement 6 months ago or less are included in the first column (VA1 = 1 and VA2 < 6). * Children still breastfed (BF2=1) AND no other food given (answer must be 2 (No) for BF3B, C, D, E, F, G and H; only BF3A =1 is permissible).~cAdequately iodized salt is defined as salt that contains at least 15 parts per million of iodine. Children 0-3 monthsChildren 0-5 monthsPercent exclusively breastfed*Children 6-9 monthsChildren 12-15 monthsChildren 20-23 monthsPercent breastfed***4Percent receiving breastmilk and solid/ mushy food**Percent of infants 0-5 months exclusively breastfed\6-8 months who received breastmilk and complementary food at least 2 times in prior 24 hours]9-11 months who received breastmilk and complementary food at least 3 times in prior 24 hourst6-11 months who received breastmilk and complementary food at least the minimum recommended number of times per day*(0-11 months who were appropriately fed**9** Children 0-5 months still breastfed (Breastfeeding module, BF2=1) AND no other food given (answer must be 2 (No) for BF3B, C, D, E, F, G and H; only BF3A =1 is permissible), plus children 6-11 months who ate complementary foods -- (BF2=1 AND BF5>=2) for 6-8 month olds OR (BF2=1 AND BF2>=3) for 9-11 month oldsY The percentage of births weighing below 2500 grams is estimated from two items in the questionnaire: the mother s assessment of the child s size at birth (i.e., very small, smaller than average, average, larger than average, very large) (MN9) and the mother s recall of the child s weight if the child was weighed at birth (MN11). First, the two items are cross-tabulated for those children who were weighed at birth to obtain the proportion of births in each category of size who weighed less than 2500 grams (25% of children reported as weighing exactly 2500 grams are treated as weighing less than 2500 grams to adjust for heaping on 2500 grams -- this is based on empirical distributions from DHS surveys). This proportion is then multiplied by the total number of children falling in the size category to obtain the estimated number of children in each size category who were of low birth weight. The numbers for each size category are summed to obtain the total number of low birth weight children. This number is divided by the total number of live births to obtain the percentage with low birth weight. Number of weighed births"Number of births weighing
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exactly 2500 g=Number of households in which salt was tested or with no salt`Percentage of living children according to breastfeeding status at each age group, Country, YearIPercentage of households consuming adequately iodized salt, Country, YearBreastfeeding status is based on mother s or caretaker's reports of children s consumption in the 24 hours prior to the interview. Exclusive breastfeeding refers to children who receive only breastmilk, or breastmilk and vitamins, mineral supplements, or medicine (BF2 = 1 and BF3B-BF3H = 2, BF3A can be = 1). Complementary feeding refers to children who receive breastmilk and solid or semi-solid food (BF2 = 1 and BF3H = 1).Percentage of infants under 6 months of age exclusively breastfed, percentage of infants 6-11 months who are breastfed and who ate solid/semi-solid food at least the minimum recommended number of times yesterday and percentage of infants adequately fed, Country, YearsPercentage of live births in the 2 years preceding the survey that weighed below 2500 grams at birth, Country, YearPercent exclusively breastfed#* MICS indicator 6; MDG indicator 4* MICS indicator 15* MICS indicator 18* MICS indicator 9** MICS indicator 10 Table NU.1: Child malnourishment!Table NU.2: Initial breastfeeding<Table NU.3: Breastfeeding"Table NU.4: Adequately fed infants$Table NU.5: Iodized salt consumption0Table NU.6: Children's vitamin A supplementationGNumber of women with a live birth in the two years preceding the surveyMother s educationWealth index quintiles$Table NU.8: Low birth weight infantszIf a household has salt, but it is not tested (SI1=7), these households are omitted from the denominator of the indicator.Months since birthbPercentage of children aged 0-59 months who are severely or moderately malnourished, Country, Year>Percentage who started breastfeeding within one day of birth***** MICS indicator 16$*** Children still breastfed (BF2=1)Percent of households withNo saltSalt test result** MN13=000 (immediately) OR (MN13 >= 100 and MN13 <= 123). Includes children who started breastfeeding within one hour of birth.#Number of children aged 0-59 months"Number of infants aged 0-11 months#Number of children aged 6-59 months Number of women aged 15-49 years- 2 SD*- 2 SD**
- 2 SD***Percentage of women aged 15-49 years with a birth in the two years preceding the survey who breastfed their baby within one hour of birth and within one day of birth, Country, YearIn the example shown below, the estimated number of births weighing less than 2500 grams is 157.3 and the total number of births is 950 so the percentage with low birth weight is 157.3/950 or 16.6%g* Breastfeeding module, (BF2=1 AND BF5>=2) for 6-8 month olds OR (BF2=1 AND BF5>=3) for 9-11 month oldsNot sure if received vitamin ANever received vitamin APercent distribution of children aged 6-59 months by whether they have received a high dose vitamin A supplement in the last 6 months, Country, Year+Percent of children who received vitamin A::Table NU.7: Post-partum mothers' vitamin A supplementationPercentage of women aged 15-49 years with a live birth in the 2 years preceding the survey by whether they received a high dose vitamin A supplement before the infant was 8 weeks old, Country, YearReceived vitamin A supplement*3The numerator includes all women who say they received a vitamin A dose in the first two months after their last birth (even if their last birth was less than two months prior to the interview) (MN1 = 1). The denominator includes women who had a live birth in the two years preceding the date of interview.lColumns 1 and 2 refer to children whose weight for age z-scores (i.e., the exact number of standard deviations from the median) fall below -2 standard deviations (moderately underweight) and -3 standard deviations (severely underweight) from the median weight for age of the NCHS/WHO reference population. Columns 3 and 4 refer to children whose height for age z-scores fall below -2 standard deviations (moderately stunted or short for their age) and -3 standard deviations (severely stunted or short for their age) from the median height for age of the reference population. Stunted children are considered as chronically undernourished. Columns 5 and 6 refer to children whose weight for height z-scores fall -2 standard deviations (moderately wasted) or -3 standard deviations (severely wasted) from the weight for height of the reference population. Wasting is usually the result of a recent nutritional deficiency. The table also includes the percentage of children who are overweight, which takes into account those children whose weight for height is above 2 standard deviations from the median of the reference population.QDenominator: Women with a birth in the two years preceding the survey (CM12=Yes).+Table NU.3w. Infant feeding patterns by agebPercent distribution of children aged under 3 years by feeding pattern by age group, Country, YearInfant feeding patternExclusively breastfedBreastfed and plain water onlyBreastfed and non-milk liquidsWeaned (not breastfed)0-12-34-56-78-910-1112-1314-1516-1718-1920-2122-2324-2526-2728-2930-3132-3334-35"Breastfed and other milk / formula'Breastfed and other complimentary foods
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