Quality and timely data have been critical to monitoring changes and forming policies that respond to the evolving environment in Kazakhstan since its independence over 25 years ago. Findings from three MICS surveys over the past decade were instrumental to providing the government with relevant and reliable information on the situation of children and women and to measuring progress toward international development goals such as the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). MICS generated data on over 21 MDG indicators and data from the current survey will provide a valuable baseline for progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals.
Comparisons of data from the current MICS with previous rounds conducted in 2005-2006 and in 2010-2011 demonstrate the notable progress Kazakhstan has made in mother and child health, improvements for families in their living conditions, in access to water and sanitation, literacy and education, increasing use of information and communication technology and significant level of life satisfaction among women. At the same time, MICS reveals emerging challenges in early child development, reproductive and sexual health of women, in women’ perception of domestic violence and in the level of such violence against children, decreasing knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young women.
In regards to the 2015 Kazakhstan MICS, the Chair of the Statistics Committee of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Mr. Nurbolat Aidapkelov, states: 'The survey findings will be useful for the government and civil society institutions in Kazakhstan in planning and monitoring of social programmes that meet the needs of women and children both at the national level and at the level of every region'.
Some key findings from the report are highlighted below:
Breastfeeding and Feeding of Infants and Young Children
The survey interviewed women with children born within two years prior to the date of the survey about how they fed their child during the first few days of life. In Kazakhstan, only 83 percent of newborn babies are breastfed within one day of birth.
Nutritional Status of Children
In Kazakhstan, about 2 percent of children under 5 years are underweight for their age, and 8.0 percent of children are stunted. 3 percent of children are wasted for their height. In addition, 9 percent of children are overweight.
Use of Improved Water Sources
In Kazakhstan the majority, or 97.3 percent, of the population use improved drinking water sources: 99.7 percent in urban and 94.6 percent in rural areas.
In Kazakhstan coverage of antenatal care by skilled health personnel, is very high and amounted to 99.3 percent.
In Kazakhstan, in general, 90.8 percent of children who are currently attending the first grade of primary school were attending pre-school the previous year.
The percentage of 5-6-year-old children who attend pre-school was 47.8 percent and primary school – 36.1 percent.
Early Child Development
More than half (55.3 percent) of children aged 36-59 months are attending an organised early childhood education programme. Urban-rural and regional differentials are notable – facilities with such programmes are attended by 62.2 percent of children from urban areas compared to 48.9 percent from rural areas.
Primary and Secondary School Attendance
The primary school (adjusted) net attendance ratio for children aged 7-10 years was 99.5 percent. The secondary school (adjusted) net attendance ratio (NAR) for children aged 11-17 years was 98.9 percent.
In Kazakhstan, 52.7 percent of children aged 1-14 years were subjected to at least one form of psychological or physical punishment by the adult members of the household during the last one month before the survey. 47.2 percent of children were subjected to psychological aggression.
Attitudes toward Domestic Violence
According to the 2015 Kazakhstan MICS, 14.2 percent of women believe that a husband/partner may hit or beat his wife/partner in at least one of five situations.
The final report and datasets can be accessed on the surveys page of the website.