Social protection is the set of public and private policies and programmes aimed at preventing, reducing and eliminating economic and social vulnerabilities to poverty and deprivation. Increasing volatility at the macro and household level, the persistence of inequalities and exclusion, threats posed to sustainable development by climate change, and changing population trends have heightened the relevance and political momentum for social protection globally. UNICEF is committed to social protection as part of its global mandate to advocate for the realization of children’s rights.
As an attempt to measure coverage of social protection programmes, a global indicator, ‘Proportion of the poorest households who received external economic support in the past three months’, was proposed by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS to measure the extent to which economic support is reaching households severely affected by various shocks.
Further information is also needed to address the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicator 1.3.1: Percentage of population covered by social protection floors/systems, disaggregated by sex and distinguishing children, the unemployed, old-age persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women/newborns, work injury victims, the poor and the vulnerable.
This report shares experiences, methodology, challenges and considerations, and recommendations that led to the development and testing of a set of social protection questions for inclusion in household surveys. This document will focus on the methodological approach and main findings in the four pilot countries (Kenya, Zimbabwe, Viet Nam, and Belize), and will reference individual country reports for country-specific experiences.